Painting

Vid vattenspegeln [Water Mirror]
Johan Axel Gustav Acke
Water Mirror

This monumental work is without doubt part of the magnum opus of the Swedish painter Johan Axel Gustav Acke and a beautiful example of that union of arts...
La Salutation angélique also called L’Annonciation [Hail Mary, also called The Annunciation]
Amaury-Duval
Hail Mary

Eugène Emmanuel Amaury Pineu Duval, who painted under the name of Amaury-Duval from 1833, was one of Ingres' most famous pupils and closest followers. Like...
Schneelandschaft, also called Grosser Winter [Snowy Landscape, also called Deep Winter]
Cuno Amiet
Snowy Landscape

A large painting, measuring more than four square metres, Snowy Landscape by the Swiss painter Cuno Amiet is astonishing for the disproportionately large area...
La musique [Music]
Albert André
Music

The critic Claude Roger-Marx successfully defined the charm of this painting by pointing out that "the communion established between the figures and the...
Henri Samary
Louis Anquetin
Henri Samary

Originally from Normandy, Anquetin moved to Paris in 1882 and joined the studio of the painter Léon Bonnat (1833-1922), where he immediately became a close...
Dans la serre [In the Greenhouse]
Albert Bartholomé
In the Greenhouse

Presented at the Salon of the Société des Artistes français in 1881, this portrait belongs to a style of painting inspired by Classicism, whilst also...
Un meeting [A Meeting]
Marie Bashkirtseff
A Meeting

When A Meeting was exhibited at the 1884 Salon, it was acclaimed by both the public and the press. But this success did not satisfy Marie Bashkirtseff at all,...
Les Foins [Hay Making]
Jules Bastien-Lepage
Hay Making

Dubbed the "grandson of Millet and Courbet" by Zola, Jules Bastien-Lepage specialised in agricultural scenes which were a far remove from the affected...
Réunion de famille also called Portraits de famille [Family Reunion also called Family Portraits]
Frédéric Bazille
Family Reunion

Before his early death in battle during the Franco-Prussian war in 1870, Frédéric Bazille was close to Renoir and Monet, particularly admiring their...
L'atelier de Bazille [Bazille's Studio]
Frédéric Bazille
Bazille's Studio

Born into a notable family in Montpellier, Bazille moved to Paris in 1862 to study medicine, before turning to painting. While at Charles Gleyre's studio,...
La robe rose [The Pink Dress]
Frédéric Bazille
The Pink Dress

Originally from Montpellier, Bazille moved to Paris in 1862 to continue studying medicine. While attending the university, he used to visit Gleyre's studio...
L'ambulance improvisée [The Improvised Field Hospital]
Frédéric Bazille
The Improvised Field Hospital

This painting of Claude Monet confined to bed with an injured leg, was painted in the summer of 1865. At the beginning of that year, Bazille was sharing his...
Pèlerins allant à la Mecque [Pilgrims going to Mecca]
Léon Belly
Pilgrims going to Mecca

For this work, regarded, from the moment it was presented, to be a masterpiece of Orientalist painting, Belly chose to present an ambitious subject on a...
La salle de rédaction du Journal des débats [The Newsroom of the Journal des Débats]
Jean Béraud
The Newsroom

The Journal des Débats was founded in 1789, the year of the French Revolution. In 1812, it had the highest circulation of any newspaper, with 32,000...
Madeleine au Bois d'Amour [Madeleine in the Bois d'Amour]
Emile Bernard
Madeleine in the Bois d'Amour

Emile Bernard was only twenty when he painted this life-size portrait of his sister Madeleine, then aged seventeen. He portrayed her lying in the Bois d'Amour...
Les bretonnes aux ombrelles [Breton Women with Umbrellas]
Emile Bernard
Breton Women with Umbrellas

The Pont-Aven school brought together a very diverse group of artists who met regularly in this little village in South Finistere from the mid 1880s onwards....
Pots de grès et pommes [Stoneware Pots and Apples]
Emile Bernard
Stoneware Pots and Apples

Searching for a pure style of painting in a reaction against Naturalism, and also against Impressionism and the dissolution of forms, Emile Bernard...
Autoportrait symbolique [Symbolic Self-Portrait]
Emile Bernard
Symbolic Self-Portrait

Between 1886 and 1941, Emile Bernard produced a self-portrait almost every year. For him, it was an opportunity to demonstrate his stylistic development, and...
Harvest by the Sea
Emile Bernard
Harvest by the Sea

Between1886 and 1893, Emile Bernard regularly took his family on holiday to Saint-Briac, a small Breton village between the Bay of Mont-Saint-Michel and the...
Une famille
Albert Besnard
A Family

In the late 19th century, the official portrait of a painter in his studio was sometimes exchanged for a more intimate view of the artist surrounded by his...
Portrait de Marcel Proust [Portrait of Marcel Proust]
Jacques-Emile Blanche
Portrait of Marcel Proust

Jacques-Emile Blanche, an admired portraitist in the 1880s, portrayed Proust as a young man, aged 21, when he was still only a social chronicler. Blanche...
La famille Halévy [The Halévy Family]
Jacques-Emile Blanche
The Halévy Family

Jacques-Emile Blanche was the most sought-after painter in artistic, intellectual and bourgeois circles at the end of the 19th century. In 1903 he produced...
Le peintre Thaulow et ses enfants dit aussi La famille Thaulow [Thaulow the Painter and his Children, also known as The Thaulow Family]
Jacques-Emile Blanche
Thaulow and his Children

Against a rapidly painted, indistinct background, evoking a cluster of trees that might appear in a "Conversation Piece" painting from 18th century England,...
La chasse de Diane [Diana's Hunt]
Arnold Böcklin
Diana's Hunt

The Swiss painter Arnold Böcklin is one of the major figures in Germanic symbolism. Throughout his career he worked to inject new life into history painting...
Le comte Robert de Montesquiou [Count Robert de Montesquiou]
Giovanni Boldini
Count Robert de Montesquiou

In 1897, Boldini was engaged, through a mutual friend, Madame Veil-Picard, to paint the portrait of Count Robert de Montesquiou. The painter could not fail to...
Scène de fête
Giovanni Boldini
Scène de fête

Born in 1842 in Ferrara, a town in northern Italy, Boldini became firmly established in Paris from 1871 onwards, where he very quickly became a fashionable...
Labourage nivernais, also called Le Sombrage [Ploughing in Nevers also called The First Dressing]
Rosa Bonheur
Ploughing in Nevers

This scene, dated 1849, shows the first ploughing or dressing, which was done in early autumn to break the surface of the soil and aerate it during the...
L'enfant au pâté de sable [Child Making a Sand Castle]
Pierre Bonnard
Child Making a Sand Castle

This strangely shaped canvas is the fourth leaf of a folding screen dismantled after the artist's death; the three other leaves, decorated with a landscape,...
Femme assoupie sur un lit or L'Indolente [Woman Dozing on a Bed or The Indolent Woman]
Pierre Bonnard
Woman Dozing on a Bed

A veritable hymn to voluptuousness, The Indolent Woman is a painting which relies on contrasts: the title already clashes with the young woman's posture. Her...
La Toilette [The Toilet]
Pierre Bonnard
The Toilet

The theme of a woman at her toilet, an excuse for painting a nude, was still very common in the 20th century. As Degas had done before him with his pastels,...
Crépuscule, also called La partie de croquet [Twilight, also called The Game of Croquet]
Pierre Bonnard
Twilight

The Game of Croquet is one of the first works by Pierre Bonnard, one of the founders of the Nabi group in 1888. It was exhibited in 1892 at the Salon des...
Le corsage à carreaux [The Chequered Blouse]
Pierre Bonnard
The Chequered Blouse

When he painted this piece in 1892, at the beginning of his career, Pierre Bonnard had just discovered Japanese art thanks to two exhibitions in Paris, the...
En barque [In a Boat]
Pierre Bonnard
In a Boat

After buying a house in Vernon, a town in Normandy on the banks of the Seine, Bonnard bought a boat. It gave him an opportunity to paint a commonplace scene...
L'après-midi bourgeoise ou La famille Terrasse  [A Bourgeois Afternoon or The Terrasse family]
Pierre Bonnard
A Bourgeois Afternoon

"This stunning Bourgeois Afternoon is where Bonnard really started to find himself", wrote Thadée Natanson, in 1951, in Le Bonnard que je propose. Did the...
Water Games [Jeux d'eau]
Pierre Bonnard
Water Games

This decorative panel is part of a set of four large paintings produced by Bonnard between 1906 and 1910 for the dining room of Misia Sert, a muse for many...
Déjeuner sous la lampe [Lunch by Lamplight]
Pierre Bonnard
Lunch by Lamplight

Very early on in his career, Bonnard revealed himself to be an acute observer of family life. He portrays this intimacy with humour and tenderness. Here, the...
Le chat blanc [The White Cat]
Pierre Bonnard
The White Cat

Here, Bonnard uses distortion to create a humorous image of this cat arching its back. A strange animal, exaggeratedly arched on its paws, with its head drawn...
Intimité [Intimacy]
Pierre Bonnard
Intimacy

This charming, subtle painting features one of Bonnard's regimental friends, the composer Claude Terrasse (1867-1923), hunched up in a sort of thick...
La loge [The Box]
Pierre Bonnard
The Box

Originally an art dealer in Brussels, Alexandre Bernheim moved to Paris in the late 1880s. He opened a gallery there, where his two sons, Joseph, known as...
Intérieur de la Chapelle Sixtine [Interior of the Sistine Chapel]
Léon Bonnat
Interior of the Sistine Chapel

Various gifts and bequests from Mrs Edouard Kann and her sister, Mrs Albert Cahen from Antwerp, between 1925 and 1929, have given the the Musée d'Orsay a...
La plage de trouville [The Beach at Trouville]
Eugène Boudin
The Beach at Trouville

Boudin, a great admirer of Corot's landscapes, is famous above all for his pictures of the Normandy coast. The growth in leisure in the late nineteenth...
La plage de Trouville [The Beach at Trouville]
Eugène Boudin
The Beach at Trouville

Born in Honfleur and the son of a sailor, Boudin tried to paint the world he knew so well: the beaches, ships and changeable skies of the Normandy coast. He...
Port de Camaret [The Port of Camaret]
Eugène Boudin
The Port of Camaret

Boudin went to paint in Camaret in Brittany every year between 1870 and 1873, and subsequently made occasional visits there. He liked to capture the light in...
L'Assaut [The Assault]
William Bouguereau
The Assault

The Assault is one of the works that brought the artist enormous commercial success during his lifetime, particularly in America. When exhibited at the Salon...
Les Oréades [The Oreads]
William Bouguereau
The Oreads

The Oreads are the nymphs of mountains and grottoes (the most well known is Echo), who were said to come out in joyful, lively groups to hunt deer, chase wild...
Compassion!
William Bouguereau
Compassion!

Bouguereau was particularly proud of his painting Compassion! He presented it twice: firstly at the Salon des Artistes français in 1897, and then at the 1900...
Dante et Virgile [Dante and Virgil]
William Bouguereau
Dante and Virgil

Having failed on two occasions to win the Prix de Rome (1848 and 1849), Bouguereau was hungry for revenge. His early submissions to the Salon reveal this...
Egalité devant la mort [Equality before Death]
William Bouguereau
Equality before Death

Equality is Bouguereau's first major painting, produced when he was a young man of 23, after two years at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts de Paris. Subjected to...
Clair de lune [Moonlight]
George Hendrik Breitner
Moonlight

The painter George Hendrik Breitner was born in Rotterdam in 1857, but received most of his training in Amsterdam where, about 1880, he was a pupil of Willem...
Le rappel des glaneuses [Calling in the Gleaners]
Jules Breton
Calling in the Gleaners

With Calling in the Gleaners, Jules Breton represented an ordinary scene of peasant life in Courrières, his native village in Artois. He did not show the...
La bénédiction des blés en Artois [The Blessing of the Wheat in Artois]
Jules Breton
The Blessing of the Wheat

Presented at the 1857 Salon, at the same time as Millet's Gleaners, this enormous painting won Jules Breton a second class medal. This was a mark of official...
The Wheel of Fortune
Edward Burne-Jones
The Wheel of Fortune

"My wheel of Fortune is a true-to-life image; it comes to fetch each of us in turn, then it crushes us," was Burne-Jones' heartfelt or disillusioned comment....
Princess Sabra
Edward Burne-Jones
Princess Sabra

This work was part of a decorative ensemble commissioned from Burne-Jones by the watercolourist Miles Birket Foster (1825-1899) and depicts the legend of...
La Naissance de Vénus [The Birth of Venus]
Alexandre Cabanel
The Birth of Venus

The Birth of Venus was one of the great successes of the 1863 Salon where it was bought by Napoleon III for his private collection. Cabanel, a painter who...
Mort de Francesca da Rimini et de Paolo Malatesta [The Death of Francesca da Rimini and Paolo Malatesta]
Alexandre Cabanel
The Death of Francesca da Rimini and Paolo Malatesta

This tragic scene was inspired by an incident that occurred in Rimini in Italy in the mid-thirteenth century and was put into verse by Dante in Canto V of The...
Les raboteurs de parquet [The Floor Planers]
Gustave Caillebotte
The Floor Planers

This painting is one of the first representations of urban proletariat. Whereas peasants (Gleaners by Millet) or country workers (Stone Breakers by Courbet)...
Voiliers à Argenteuil [Sailing Boats at Argenteuil]
Gustave Caillebotte
Sailing Boats at Argenteuil

Caillebotte was passionate about sailing. From 1879 onwards, he won regattas on the Seine and attracted attention for his luxurious and innovative boats. At...
Vue de toits (effet de neige) [Rooftops in the Snow (snow effect)]
Gustave Caillebotte
Rooftops in the Snow (snow effect)

At the fourth Impressionist Exhibition in 1879, Caillebotte presented over twenty-five works. These included two roofscapes of which this is one. The large...
Henri Cordier
Gustave Caillebotte
Henri Cordier

One of the most delightful aspects of Caillebotte's work is the series of portraits of personalities from his wealthy entourage. The identity of many of these...
La Dame au gant [The Lady with the Glove]
Carolus-Duran
The Lady with the Glove

The Lady with the Glove, a life-sized full-length portrait of the artist's young wife, was a great success at the 1869 Salon, where it won a medal. Regarded...
Le convalescent  [The Convalescent]
Carolus-Duran
The Convalescent

This painting perpetuates the memory of the painting Carolus-Duran submitted to the Wicar de Lille competition, entitled Visiting the Convalescent....
Bal costumé au palais des Tuileries [Costume Ball at the Tuileries]
Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux
Costume Ball at the Tuileries

In 1853, when Carpeaux was still a student at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, he sought the patronage of Napoleon III. To this end, he produced a model of The...
Intimité [Intimacy]
Eugène Carrière
Intimacy

Eugène Carrière started his career in the Salon in Paris in 1876. Until the 1880s he mainly exhibited portraits. With Intimacy also called The Big Sister,...
Paul Verlaine [Paul Verlaine]
Eugène Carrière
Paul Verlaine

In the 1880s and 1890s, Carrière made intimist portraits of people he met among the Symbolists, in left-wing political milieus or literary circles. He thus...
L'enfant malade [The Sick Child]
Eugène Carrière
The Sick Child

In his book La Vie artistique published in 1892, Gustave Geffroy wrote of Carrière: "He has taken the Holy Mother and Child, the religious motif that runs...
La famille du peintre [The Painter's Family]
Eugène Carrière
The Painter's Family

This painting sums up both the life and work of Eugène Carrière. In one huge family portrait, the painter brings together his favourite themes: childhood,...
Jeune fille au jardin [Girl in the Garden]
Mary Cassatt
Girl in the Garden

A light, lively palette is characteristic of the work of Mary Cassatt, an American painter who introduced art lovers and collectors on the other side of the...
Baigneurs [Bathers]
Paul Cézanne
Bathers

From the 1870s until the end of his life, Cézanne multiplied paintings of bathers, both male and female. His great ambition was to achieve a complete fusion...
Achille Emperaire
Paul Cézanne
Achille Emperaire

Born in Aix, like Cézanne who was his elder by ten years, Achille Emperaire was also an artist. The two men met in Charles Suisse's studio in Paris in the...
Pont de Maincy [Maincy Bridge]
Paul Cézanne
Maincy Bridge

Maincy Bridge is an unusual painting in Cézanne's oeuvre. Problems of dating and identifying the site have long heightened the ambiguity surrounding it. It...
La femme à la cafetière [Woman with a Coffeepot]
Paul Cézanne
Woman with a Coffeepot

The model for this portrait has not been precisely identified but she was probably one of the employees at the Jas de Bouffan, the Cézannes' family home near...
Pommes et oranges [Apples and Oranges]
Paul Cézanne
Apples and Oranges

Though Cézanne painted still life compositions from the start of his career, it was only in later years that this genre began to occupy an essential place in...
La maison du pendu, Auvers-sur-Oise [The Hanged Man's House, Auvers-sur-Oise]
Paul Cézanne
The Hanged Man's House

The Hanged Man's House was one of the three canvases that Cézanne presented at the first Impressionist exhibition in 1874. The influence of his friend...
Gustave Geffroy
Paul Cézanne
Gustave Geffroy

During 1894, Gustave Geffroy wrote several articlespraising Cézanne's painting. To show his gratitude, Cézanne offered to paint the critic's portrait in the...
Uncle Dominique (The Lawyer)
Paul Cézanne
The Lawyer

In November 1866, Valabrègue, a friend of Cézanne's from Aix en Provence, told Zola about the extraordinarily rapid way the young Paul was painting at this...
Portrait of Mrs Cézanne
Paul Cézanne
Portrait of Mrs Cézanne

"The success of art is the face" declared Cézanne confidently to the art dealer Ambroise Vollard. On many occasions during his adult life, the painter...
Le joueur de cartes [The Cardplayer]
Paul Cézanne
The Cardplayer

At the beginning of the 1890s, Cézanne produced five paintings on the theme of card players. They differ in size, in the number of characters and in the...
Les joueurs de cartes [The Cardplayers]
Paul Cézanne
The Cardplayers

Cézanne had certainly seen The Cardplayers, attributed to the Le Nain brothers, at the museum in Aix-en-Provence, his home town. During the 1890s, the artist...
Rochers près des grottes au-dessus de Château-Noir [Rocks near the caves above Château Noir]
Paul Cézanne
Rocks above Château Noir

In the 1890s, missing the light and harsh landscapes of Provence, Cézanne was drawn back to the place where he was born, and remained there for the rest of...
Cour de ferme [Farmyard]
Paul Cézanne
Farmyard

Cézanne painted this canvas in the early 1880s, a period when he used to stay in Auvers and Pontoise with Camille Pissarro. Pissarro was also painting...
Les peupliers [Poplars]
Paul Cézanne
Poplars

This painting probably depicts a scene outside the grounds of the château de Marcouville, very close to Pontoise. Cézanne's interest in this landscape may...
Le Christ aux limbes [Christ in Limbo]
Paul Cézanne
Christ in Limbo

During the 1860s, Cézanne turned his hand to murals to decorate the family home, Jas de Bouffan, near Aix-en-Provence. One year after the artist's death, the...
Une moderne Olympia [A Modern Olympia]
Paul Cézanne
A Modern Olympia

Cézanne's early works, executed in dark colours, were largely inspired by the old masters and by the paintings of Delacroix, Daumier and Courbet. A painting...
Nature morte aux oignons [Still Life with Onions]
Paul Cézanne
Still Life with Onions

Still lifes, which suited both Cézanne's character and his method of working, held the artist's interest throughout his career. Following on from the...
Route de village, Auvers [The Village Road, Auvers]
Paul Cézanne
The Village Road, Auvers

From 1872 to 1874, Cézanne went to Pontoise to work with Pissarro. Whilst working with Pissarro, he gradually moved closer towards the Impressionist style,...
The Blue Vase
Paul Cézanne
The Blue Vase

Rather than representing flowers in bloom, Cézanne was more interested here in the modulation in colour. Once again, the subject is used to further one of...
Le golfe de Marseille vu de L'Estaque [The Bay of Marseille seen from L'Estaque]
Paul Cézanne
The Bay of Marseille seen from L'Estaque

Born in Provence, Cézanne remained deeply attached to his native region, and found inspiration there for some of his recurrent and emblematic motifs. The two...
La Modiste [The Milliner]
Alexandre Charpentier
The Milliner

Its large size and the fact that it is on canvas make The Milliner unusual in Charpentier's work. This raises the question of why it was painted - could it...
Tepidarium [Tepidarium]
Théodore Chassériau
Tepidarium

Chassériau explicitly sets this scene in Roman antiquity, since the decor takes its inspiration from the baths of Venus Genitrix, a recent archaeological...
Chefs de tribus arabes se défiant au combat singulier, sous les remparts d'une ville [Arab Chiefs challenging to Combat under a City Ramparts]
Théodore Chassériau
Arab Chiefs

In 19th century western art, the archetypal image of the oriental woman is that of the passive odalisque of the harem, whereas the man was embodied in the...
Divina Tragedia
Paul Chenavard
Divina Tragedia

Immediately after the 1848 Revolution, the Director of Fine Arts, Charles Blanc, commissioned a decoration from Paul Chenavard for the Pantheon in Paris,...
Pluie et soleil [Rain and Sun]
Antoine Chintreuil
Rain and Sun

When this impressive painting was exhibited at the 1873 Salon, the art critic Castagnary, a champion of Courbet and the Realists, paid it a glowing tribute:...
L'incendie des Tuileries [The Burning of the Tuileries]
Georges Clairin
The Burning of the Tuileries

The Burning of the Tuileries is a spirited sketch recounting an episode of the Paris Commune. On 24 May 1871, as the government troops moved from Versailles...
Julius Meier-Graefe
Lovis Corinth
Julius Meier-Graefe

This painting brings together two major figures in German art in the early 20th century: the artist Lovis Corinth and the writer and art critic Julius...
Caïn [Cain]
Fernand Cormon
Cain

This painting illustrates the miserable destiny of Cain, the elder son of Adam and Eve, who after the murder of his younger brother Abel was condemned to...
Une forge [A Forge]
Fernand Cormon
A Forge

This is an unusual work for Corman who was known above all for his history painting and large decorative works such as those at the chateau of...
Une matinée. La danse des nymphes. [A Morning. The Dance of the Nymphs.]
Camille Corot
A Morning. The Dance of the Nymphs.

The Dance of the Nymphs represents a turning point in Corot's career, announcing his move from "historical" to "lyrical" landscapes where the natural world is...
La levée des filets [Bringing in the Nets]
Camille Corot
Bringing in the Nets

Corot had a great feeling for the poetry of the calm water of the ponds and rivers whose very presence in the landscape invited meditation. In Bringing in the...
Saules au bord de l'eau [Willows at the Water's Edge]
Camille Corot
Willows at the Water's Edge

Following the death of his first teacher, Achille-Etna Michallon, a winner of the Prix de Rome for his historical landscape in 1817, Corot worked under...
Les victimes de la mer. Douleur [The Victims of the Sea. Grief]
Charles Cottet
In the Land of the Sea. Grief

Bought by the State at the Salon des Boursiers de Voyage in 1912, this large painting called either In the Land of the Sea, Grief or The Victims of the Sea,...
Rayons du soir, port de Camaret [Evening Light at the Port of Camaret]
Charles Cottet
Evening Light

Although light and colour seem to be the principal elements, this painting is in fact a triumph in the use of line. Leaving movement and uncertainty to the...
Un enterrement à Ornans [A Burial at Ornans]
Gustave Courbet
A Burial at Ornans

At the end of summer 1849, Courbet started work on his first monumental painting. He wanted to make it his "statement of principle" and made this clear by...
La Source [The Spring]
Gustave Courbet
The Spring

Courbet escaped from the traditional norms of painting by subordinating the description of nature to an eminently personal experience. His motifs were mainly...
L'Origine du monde [The Origin of the World]
Gustave Courbet
The Origin of the World

The first owner of The Origin of the World, who probably commissioned it, was the Turkish-Egyptian diplomat Khalil-Bey (1831-1879). A flamboyant figure in...
L'Homme blessé [The Wounded Man]
Gustave Courbet
The Wounded Man

Self-portraits occupied a central place in Gustave Courbet's youthful works. They were aesthetic and moral statements in which Courbet both claimed the...
L'Atelier du peintre. Allégorie réelle déterminant une phase de sept années de ma vie artistique et morale  [The Artist's Studio, a real allegory summing up seven years of my artistic and moral life]
Gustave Courbet
The Artist's Studio

The enormous Studio is without doubt Courbet's most mysterious composition. However, he provides several clues to its interpretation: "It's the whole world...
La falaise d'Etretat après l'orage [The Etretat  Cliffs after the Storm]
Gustave Courbet
The Etretat Cliffs after the Storm

Etretat had attracted painters since the early nineteenth century, drawn by the clarity of the air and the quality of the light. In summer 1869, Courbet...
The Trout
Gustave Courbet
The Trout

After serving six months in prison for his participation in the 1871 Commune, Courbet spent some time in his native Franche-Comté before finally going into...
The Stormy Sea, also called The Wave
Gustave Courbet
The Stormy Sea

During the summer of 1869, Courbet stayed at Etretat, the small Norman town where Delacroix, Boudin and Jongkind had already spent time painting the sea. The...
Le rut du printemps. Combat de cerfs [Spring Rut. The Battle of the Stags]
Gustave Courbet
Spring Rut

Of all Courbet's hunting and forest scenes, Spring Rut has the greatest breadth in both its physical size and in the spirit that animates it. Regarded for a...
Femme nue au chien [Nude Woman with a Dog]
Gustave Courbet
Nude Woman with a Dog

Although this painting is dated 1868, the year it was first publicly exhibited, it was certainly painted around 1861-1862. The model is in fact Léontine...
Portrait de Champfleury [Portrait of Champfleury]
Gustave Courbet
Champfleury

Jules-François-Félix Husson (1821-1889), a novelist and art critic better known under the pseudonym of "Champfleury", was one of Courbet's first supporters....
Le chevreuil chassé aux écoutes, printemps [The Hunted Roe Deer on the Alert, Spring]
Gustave Courbet
The Hunted Roe Deer on the Alert

Hunting was one of Courbet's favourite pastimes. It enabled him to observe nature and wild animals. Both in the Franche-Comté region of France and in Germany...
Le ruisseau noir [The Black Stream]
Gustave Courbet
The Black Stream

Near Ornans, in a narrow gorge shaded by luxuriant vegetation, the Brème stream flows gently along. This place, known as the Puits-Noir, was one of Courbet's...
Hector Berlioz
Gustave Courbet
Hector Berlioz

It was through mediations of Francis Wey, a great friend of Berlioz, that the musician agreed to sit for a portrait at Courbet's studio in 1850. Courbet must...
Romains de la décadence [Romans during the Decadence]
Thomas Couture
Romans during the Decadence

It took Thomas Couture three years to complete The Romans of the Decadence the proportions of which betray grand artistic ambitions. He wanted to give fresh...
Les Iles d'Or [The Golden Isles]
Henri-Edmond Cross
The Golden Isles

An exhibition of the work of Henry-Edmond Cross opened at the Druet Gallery in Paris on 21 March 1905. Emile Verhaeren, in a letter prefacing the...
La chevelure [Hair]
Henri-Edmond Cross
Hair

In this work, entitled Hair, Cross, used his future wife Irma as a model when she was still Mrs Hector France. The face disappears behind a thick curtain of...
L'Air du soir [The Evening Air]
Henri-Edmond Cross
The Evening Air

In April 1893, Henri-Edmond Cross, who had been living in the South of France for two years, received a letter from his friend Paul Signac saying: "Since we...
Madame Hector France [Mrs Hector France]
Henri-Edmond Cross
Mrs Hector France

With this large, full-length portrait of Irma Clare, who was then married to the writer Hector France, and the future wife of the painter, Cross moved...
Après-midi à Pardigon [Afternoon at Pardigon]
Henri-Edmond Cross
Afternoon at Pardigon

For Henri-Edmond Cross, landscape painting was closely linked to his experiments into light and colour. As Maurice Denis noted, he opted to "represent...
La Neige [Snow]
Charles-François Daubigny
Snow

This painting of the plain of Auvers-sur-Oise haunted by starving crows during the previous winter drew scathing criticism at the Salon of 1873. The...
Moisson [Harvest]
Charles-François Daubigny
Harvest

From 1843, attracted by Plein Air painting, Daubigny frequently used to stay at Barbizon. This large, light painting – a long way from the dark tones of...
Les vendanges en Bourgogne [The Grape Harvest in Burgundy]
Charles-François Daubigny
The Grape Harvest in Burgundy

During the 1863 Salon, Castagnary, the theoretician of Naturalist painting, wrote a long article about this painting and concluded: "This Grape Harvest, with...
La Blanchisseuse [The Laundress]
Honoré Daumier
The Laundress

Daumier often painted urban labourers under the Second Empire. Although famous for his caricatures, often published as lithographs, he was nonetheless an...
La République [The Republic]
Honoré Daumier
The Republic

The Republic was proclaimed on 24 February 1848. A new political regime had begun. The official image of the State had to be changed. A competition was...
Les voleurs et l'âne [The Thieves and the Ass]
Honoré Daumier
The Thieves and the Ass

For the subject of this painting, Daumier turned to the eponymous fable by Jean de La Fontaine: while two thieves are arguing over a stolen ass, a third one...
Le martyre de saint Sébastien [The Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian]
Honoré Daumier
The Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian

In February 1849, the Beaux Arts committee commissioned a painting from Daumier, leaving him to choose the subject. He suggested a Martyrdom of Saint...
Marchand turc fumant dans sa boutique [Turkish merchant smoking in his shop]
Alexandre Gabriel Decamps
Turkish merchant

Street scenes were easily accessible to painters on their travels, and Decamps takes the opportunity here to capture this picturesque, small shop filled with...
Intérieur de cour rustique à Fontainebleau [Interior of a Rustic Courtyard in Fontainebleau]
Alexandre Gabriel Decamps
Rustic Courtyard in Fontainebleau

Decamps, a reputed orientalist painter, used to stay regularly at Fontainebleau, his "beloved land" where he produced animal paintings and genre scenes which...
La famille Bellelli [The Bellelli Family]
Edgar Degas
The Bellelli Family

Between the ages of 22 and 26, Edgar Degas completed his training in Italy, where part of his familly lived. Here he painted his father's sister, Laure, with...
Dans un café, also called l'Absinthe [In a Café, also called Absinthe]
Edgar Degas
In a Café

Unlike his Impressionist friends, Degas was an essentially urban painter, who liked to paint the enclosed spaces of stage shows, leisure activities and...
Repasseuses [Women Ironing]
Edgar Degas
Women Ironing

Degas often made portraits of his family and friends but he was also an attentive observer of the working world in millinery workshops or laundries. Only...
Madame Jeantaud au miroir [Mrs Jeantaud in the Mirror]
Edgar Degas
Mrs Jeantaud in the Mirror

About 1875, Degas made a portrait of Berthe-Marie Bachoux, Jean-Baptiste Jeantaud's wife, who had been the painter's comrade in arms during the...
L'orchestre de l'Opéra [The Orchestra at the Opera]
Edgar Degas
The Orchestra at the Opera

With great subtlety, Degas has obscured what is usually shown in a theatre and focused on the area reserved for the audience, particularly the orchestra pit....
La Classe de danse [The Ballet Class]
Edgar Degas
The Ballet Class

Degas regularly went to the Paris opera house, not only as a member of the audience, but as a visitor backstage and in the dance studio, where he introduced...
Sémiramis construisant Babylone [Semiramis Building Babylon]
Edgar Degas
Semiramis Building Babylon

Started about 1860, Semiramis Building Babylon stayed in Degas' studio until his death. The painting shows a mythological scene: Semiramis, the Queen of...
Le défilé, dit aussi Chevaux de courses devant les tribunes [The Parade, also known as Race Horses in front of the Tribunes]
Edgar Degas
The Parade

The theme of horse racing is recurrent in Degas's work, drawing its inspiration from the lifestyle of his contemporaries. This theme allowed him to tackle the...
Salle de billard au Ménil-Hubert  [Billiard Room at Ménil-Hubert]
Edgar Degas
Billiard Room

From the 1860s, Degas regularly used to spend his summers in Normandy at Ménil-Hubert (Orne Department), on the country estate of his childhood friend Paul...
Thérèse de Gas
Edgar Degas
Thérèse de Gas

This is a portrait of the painter's sister, Thérèse de Gas (1840-1912), of whom the artist was very fond. It was probably painted just before Thérèse...
Portraits à la Bourse [Portraits at the Stock Exchange]
Edgar Degas
Portraits at the Stock Exchange

In his manifesto The New Painting that appeared in 1876, the art critic Edmond Duranty recommended that a portrait should be "the study of moral reflections...
Répétition d'un ballet sur la scène [Ballet Rehearsal on Stage]
Edgar Degas
Ballet Rehearsal

For Ballet Rehearsal, Degas' chosen a viewpoint slightly from above, to one side, with the focus on the stage bordered by the footlights. The lightness of the...
Chasse aux lions [The Lion Hunt]
Eugène Delacroix
The Lion Hunt

In 1854, Delacroix was asked by the director of the Fine Arts Department to execute "a painting, first submitting the subject and the sketch to me for...
Chasse au tigre [Tiger Hunt]
Eugène Delacroix
Tiger Hunt

This Tiger Hunt is in many ways similar to the sketch for another painting kept at the Musée d'Orsay: Lion Hunt. The two paintings were produced during the...
Peste à Rome [Plague in Rome]
Jules Elie Delaunay
Plague in Rome

The first preparatory drawings for this painting date from 1857 and were inspired by the artist's visit to the Roman Church of San Pietro in Vicoli, where a...
L'Ecole de Platon [Plato's School]
Jean Delville
Plato's School

In the late 19th century, Belgium was one of the great centres of European symbolism. Jean Delville's paintings and writings expressed the most esoteric side...
Le menuet de la Princesse Maleine ou Marthe au piano [Princess Maleine's Minuet or Marthe Playing the Piano]
Maurice Denis
Princess Maleine's Minuet

This is one of the first portraits of Marthe Meurier (cf. Young Girls With Lamp), Maurice Denis's fiancée he was to marry on June 12, 1893. The pages of the...
Les Muses [The Muses]
Maurice Denis
The Muses

In the guise of women dressed in contemporary clothing, Maurice Denis updates a subject taken from classical mythology – the muses who inspire the arts and...
Jeu de volant [A Game of Shuttlecock]
Maurice Denis
A Game of Shuttlecock

Under trees with mauve trunks, shuttlecock players, who gave the painting its name, are mingled with women picking flowers and bathers in the background....
Hommage à Cézanne [Homage to Cézanne]
Maurice Denis
Homage to Cézanne

This painting rings out like a manifesto. Maurice Denis has assembled a group of friends, artists and critics, in the shop of the art dealer, Ambroise...
Le Calvaire, also called La Montée au calvaire [Calvary, also called Road to Calvary]
Maurice Denis
Calvary

Maurice Denis painted Calvary in November 1889. At the time he was reading Sagesse, a collection of poems by Verlaine. Denis' carving illustrated the first...
Portrait de l'artiste à l'âge de dix huit ans [Portrait of the Artist Aged Eighteen]
Maurice Denis
Portrait of the Artist Aged Eighteen

In 1889, the vocation of Maurice Denis, nicknamed "the Nabi with beautiful icons", was already clear. In July 1888, he had already represented himself in a...
October Night [panel for the decoration of a girl's room]
Maurice Denis
October Night

Painted in 1891, October Night dates from a key period in Denis' career when he began to adopt a more synthetic approach. He belonged to the young Nabis group...
Paysage aux arbres verts ou Les Hêtres de Kerduel [Landscape with Green Trees or Beech Trees in Kerduel]
Maurice Denis
Landscape with Green Trees

1893 was for Maurice Denis a highly significant year both personally and professionally; his marriage took place to Marthe Meurier, whom he took on honeymoon...
L'enfant au pantalon bleu [Child with Blue Pants]
Maurice Denis
Child with Blue Pants

This painting portrays Noëlle, the painter's eldest daughter, born 30 June 1896, in the arms of Marthe, Denis' first wife. The painter was very fond of the...
Degas et son modèle [Degas and his Model]
Maurice Denis
Degas and his Model

Maurice Denis, who had regularly visited Degas since 1901, here presents us an informal scene in the master's life. Degas is portrayed with his thick beard,...
Portrait d'Yvonne Lerolle en trois aspects  [Triple Portrait of Yvonne Lerolle]
Maurice Denis
Triple Portrait of Yvonne Lerolle

While frequenting the circle of the painter, patron and music publisher Henry Lerolle in the early 1890s, Maurice Denis became friendly with one of his...
Pont de Charing Cross dit aussi Pont de Westminster [Charing Cross Bridge, also known as Westminster Bridge]
André Derain
Charing Cross Bridge

At the 1905 Salon d'automne, Derain shared the same gallery as Matisse, Vlaminck and Van Dongen. A critic, noticing a sculpture by Albert Marque in the middle...
Le Rêve [The Dream]
Edouard Detaille
The Dream

Detaille, like his friend de Neuville, specialised in military painting, celebrating the "glorious vanquished" of 1870-1871. Yet this large painting,...
La Charge [The Charge]
André Devambez
The Charge

The Charge by André Devambez shows a confrontation between the forces of power and demonstrators. The political leanings of the latter is not easily...
Le seul oiseau qui vole au-dessus des nuages [The Only Bird That Flies above the Clouds]
André Devambez
The Only Bird That Flies above the Clouds

In 1909, Devambez was asked to produce twelve decorative panels for the French Embassy in Vienna. He chose recent innovations such as the blimp, motor racing,...
Concert Colonne
André Devambez
Concert Colonne

In 1873, Judas Colonna, known as Edouard Colonne (1838-1910), a violinist and conductor, founded the Association Artistique des Concerts Colonne, whose aim...
Les Hauteurs du Jean de Paris [The Heights of Le Jean de Paris]
Narcisse Diaz de la Peña
The Heights of Le Jean de Paris

A French artist of Spanish descent, Narcisse Diaz de la Peña worked for a while in a porcelain factory before devoting his time wholly to painting. From his...
Lisière de forêt [The Edge of the Forest]
Narcisse Diaz de la Peña
The Edge of the Forest

Diaz discovered Barbizon in 1837, and was enchanted by it. He very soon moved there and met up with his friends Jules Dupré, Théodore Rousseau, Constant...
L'Enigme [The Enigma]
Gustave Doré
The Enigma

For Gustave Doré, born in Strasbourg, France's defeat by Prussia in 1870, and the consequential loss of Alsace-Lorraine, was a great source of distress. Just...
La mare aux chênes [Oak Trees and Pond]
Jules Dupré
Oak Trees and Pond

After training as a decorator on porcelain in his father's factory, Dupré turned to painting in 1829. His meeting with Théodore Rousseau was a decisive...
Le chêne [The Oak Tree]
Jules Dupré
The Oak Tree

For many years Jules Dupré shared the experiences of the painters of the Forest of Fontainebleau. He was Théodore Rousseau's closest friend, before a...
Louis Pasteur
Albert Edelfelt
Louis Pasteur

Like many of his contemporaries from Northern Europe, the Finn Albert Edelfelt came to France when he was scarcely twenty to study at the fine arts school in...
Au conservatoire [At the Conservatory]
James Ensor
At the Conservatory

In 1880, when Brussels became the capital of Wagnerism, James Ensor discovered Richard Wagner's music. He was inspired by it and drew The Ride of the...
Lutteurs [Wrestlers]
Alexandre Falguière
Wrestlers

From the 1870s, Alexandre Falguière worked simultaneously as a painter and sculptor. Wrestlers, which was his first large painting, caught the critics' eye...
Un atelier aux Batignolles [A Studio at Les Batignolles]
Henri Fantin-Latour
A Studio at Les Batignolles

Les Batignolles was the district where Manet and many of the future Impressionists lived. Fantin-Latour, a quiet observer of this period, has gathered around...
La liseuse [Woman Reading]
Henri Fantin-Latour
Woman Reading

The young woman reading a book is one of the artist's sisters. At the beginning of his career, Fantin-Latour chose his models from his family circle. He also...
Un coin de table [By the Table]
Henri Fantin-Latour
By the Table

By the Table is a group portrait as much as a testimony to the literary history of the 19th century, and the Parnassus poetry group in particular. A group of...
Hommage à Delacroix [Homage to Delacroix]
Henri Fantin-Latour
Homage to Delacroix

On a visit to the galleries in the Musée du Château de Versailles in July 1838, Baudelaire came across Delacroix's painting The Battle of Taillebourg. It...
Charlotte Dubourg
Henri Fantin-Latour
Charlotte Dubourg

Charlotte Dubourg (1850-1921) was the sister of Victoria (1840-1926), Fantin-Latour's wife. She features in many of Fantin-Latour's paintings, alone or in...
Fleurs et fruits [Flowers and Fruit]
Henri Fantin-Latour
Flowers and Fruit

Alongside his work as a portrait painter, Fantin-Latour produced a large number of still lifes. In the 1860s, these even played a major role in his career. It...
La Nuit [Night]
Henri Fantin-Latour
Night

For a long time, Wagner's music was believed to have influenced this painting, unusual in Fantin-Latour's work. But it seems that here the artist painted a...
Les âges de l'ouvrier [The Ages of the Worker]
Léon Frédéric
The Ages of the Worker

Throughout his career, Léon Frédéric, a Symbolist painter from Brussels, inscribed his work in the great Flemish baroque tradition. He readily used...
Ombres portées [Cast Shadows]
Emile Friant
Cast Shadows

In 1891, Friant presented four paintings at the Salon of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts. One of these was Cast Shadows which he was careful to place...
Portrait de Karin [Portrait of Karin]
Othon Friesz
Portrait of Karin

Karin (1927-2005), the model for this portrait, was the eldest daughter of Max Kaganovitch (1891-1978), an eminent dealer and collector. In 1939, he asked...
Souvenir d'Ezneh (Haute-Egypte), also called Femmes égyptiennes au bord du Nil [Reminiscence of Esneh (Upper Egypt) also called Egyptian Woman on the Banks of the Nile]
Eugène Fromentin
Reminiscence of Esneh (Egypt)

On 17 November 1869, Eugène Fromentin, through the good offices of Napoleon III's private secretary of Charles-Edmond Chojecki, figured among the official...
Chasse au faucon en Algérie : la curée [Falconry in Algeria: the Spoils]
Eugène Fromentin
Falconry in Algeria: the Spoils

Although from 1846 Eugène Fromentin carried on the tradition of travels to North Africa instituted by Eugène Delacroix, for him the discovery of exotic...
Vue du Nil [View of the Nile]
Eugène Fromentin
View of the Nile

Whereas at the beginning of the 19th century, many painters were content to represent an imaginary Orient, Eugène Fromentin produced a more authentic view...
La Belle Angèle [La Belle Angèle]
Paul Gauguin
La Belle Angèle

Marie-Angélique Satre, who kept a hotel at Pont-Aven, was regarded as one of the most beautiful women in the area. About 1920, she explained the...
Les Alyscamps [Les Alyscamps]
Paul Gauguin
Les Alyscamps

In October 1888, Gauguin arrived in Arles where his friend Vincent Van Gogh had invited him to come and work. The two artists had been writing to each other...
Portrait de l'artiste au Christ jaune [Portrait of the Artist with the Yellow Christ]
Paul Gauguin
The Artist with the Yellow Christ

Painted on the eve of Gauguin's first trip to Tahiti, Portrait of the Artist with the Yellow Christ is a veritable manifesto. In fact it is a triple...
Le Cheval blanc [The White Horse]
Paul Gauguin
The White Horse

Gauguin painted this famous picture during his second stay in Tahiti. He liked to roam through the countryside and explore the mountains and forests of the...
Le Repas also called Les Bananes [The Meal, also called, Bananas]
Paul Gauguin
The Meal

Gauguin painted The Meal in the first months after his arrival in Tahiti. Despite his desire to paint life on the island, his first canvases are contrived....
Paysannes bretonnes [Breton Peasant Women]
Paul Gauguin
Breton Peasant Women

Back in Pont Aven between two trips to Tahiti, Gauguin enjoyed working on the naïve, rural subjects which had inspired him before he left for the Pacific....
Arearea - Joyousness
Paul Gauguin
Arearea

In April 1891, Gauguin set off for his first visit to Tahiti, in search of traces of a primitive way of life. He took his inspiration for imaginary scenes in...
Paysage de Bretagne. Le Moulin David [Landscape in Brittany. The David Mill]
Paul Gauguin
Landscape in Brittany

Just like Cézanne and Van Gogh, Gauguin was convinced that painting should not be limited to reproducing what the eye saw. That is why, just like Odilon...
Femmes de Tahiti [Tahitian Women]
Paul Gauguin
Tahitian Women

In 1891, Gauguin went to Tahiti, an island he imagined to be a primitive paradise. The artist wanted "to live there in ecstasy, calm and art". His financial...
Portrait de l'artiste [Self-portrait with a hat]
Paul Gauguin
Self-portrait with a hat

When Gauguin returned to Paris on 1 September 1893, after his first stay in Polynesia, he decided to present his Tahitian works and to justify his "savage"...
L'atelier de Schuffenecker [Schuffenecker's Studio]
Paul Gauguin
Schuffenecker's Studio

Gauguin and Emile Schuffenecker, a minor painter of the Pont-Aven school, first met in 1872. Both were then employed in a stockbroker's office. Until the...
Le calvaire also called Gologotha; Crucifixion [Calvary, also called Golgotha; Crucifixion]
Nikolaï Gay
Calvary

Nikolaï Gay is a Russian artist belonging to the generation of the Itinerants, a group of painters hostile to academic painting and determined to use art as...
Jeunes Grecs faisant battre des coqs also called Un combat de coqs [Young Greeks Attending a Cock Fight, also called The Cock Fight]
Jean-Léon Gérôme
Young Greeks

Gérôme started work on this canvas in 1846 when he was still smarting from his failure to win the Prix de Rome which would have opened the doors of the...
Jérusalem also called Golgotha, Consumatum est; La Crucifixion [Jerusalem, also called Golgotha, Consumatum est; The Crucifixion]
Jean-Léon Gérôme
Jerusalem

After exploring with great success the exotic, sensual attractions of the Orientalist repertoire, Gérôme returned in 1867 to his first ambition, history...
Réception de Condé à Versailles [Reception of Condé in Versailles]
Jean-Léon Gérôme
Reception of Condé in Versailles

The year is 1674, and on the great Escalier des Ambassadeurs, in Versailles, Louis XIV is welcoming the Grand Condé, who has just defeated William of Orange...
Portrait of the baroness Nathaniel de Rothschild
Jean-Léon Gérôme
The Baroness N. de Rothschild

The baroness Charlotte de Rothschild (1825-1899), who married her cousin Nathaniel (1812-1870) in 1842, was brought up surrounded by the artists her parents...
Avant l'opération also called Le Docteur Péan enseignant à l'hôpital Saint-Louis sa découverte du pincement des vaisseaux [Before the Operation, also called, Dr Péan Teaching His Discovery of the Compression of Blood Vessels at St Louis Hospital]
Henri Gervex
Before the Operation

Before the Operation, more correctly known as Dr Péan Teaching His Discovery of the Compression of Blood Vessels at St Louis Hospital, presented at the Salon...
Rolla
Henri Gervex
Rolla

In the Spring of 1878, a month before the inauguration of the Salon, Rolla was brutally excluded from the event by the Beaux-Arts administration. Yet, Henri...
Vue de Capolago [View of Capolago]
Giovanni Giacometti
View of Capolago

Less well known in France than his sons Alberto and Diego, Giovanni Giacometti was nonetheless a significant figure in the arts scene in Switzerland in the...
Une loge aux Italiens [A Box at the Theatre des Italiens]
Eva Gonzalès
A Box at the Theatre des Italiens

The theatre auditorium, and in particular the box, a popular place for society exchanges, was a subject frequently chosen by the Impressionists. The most...
Matin [Morning]
Vittore Grubicy di Dragon
Morning

This painting shows a view of Lake Maggiore and the town of Intra from the Miazzina hills. Grubicy once again uses a composition found elsewhere in his...
Lavandière [Washerwoman]
Paul Guigou
Washerwoman

Guigou was 26 years old when he painted La Lavandière. He was still at the very beginning of his career, studying at the Beaux-Arts school in Marseille. This...
Le Sahara also called Le désert [The Sahara also called The Desert]
Gustave Guillaumet
The Sahara

An eye-catcher at the Salon of 1868, this work by Guillaumet makes a break with Orientalist paintings of the time. Whereas many of his contemporaries gave a...
Crépuscule [Evening]
Charles Guilloux
Evening

Charles Guilloux, a modest employee at the Bibliothèque Nationale, was a self-taught artist placed in the Symbolist movement by the critics of the time. From...
Hvile [Rest]
Wilhelm Hammershøi
Rest

A descendent of Vermeer or a forerunner of Hopper? Hammershøi, a Danish painter who made his reputation in the 1880s, is without doubt neither. The...
Séverine
Louis Welden Hawkins
Séverine

Given to the Musées Nationaux by its model, the journalist Severine, this painting and its frame are among the most remarkable works by the painter Louis...
Portrait de jeune homme [Portrait of a Young Man]
Louis Welden Hawkins
Portrait of a Young Man

There is an inscription on the back of this painting confirming that Hawkins presented it at a Paris Salon. However, it is not possible to identify it with...
La tour Eiffel [The Eiffel Tower]
Louis Welden Hawkins
The Eiffel Tower

Built for the 1889 Universal Exhibition, the Eiffel Tower immediately became an object of fascination for artists. In 1888, Seurat produced a pointillist work...
Les fienaroles de San Germano [The Haymakers of San Germano]
Ernest Hébert
The Haymakers of San Germano

After being awarded first prize in the 1839 Prix de Rome for painting, Ernest Hébert moved to Italy and was quickly captivated by the country he discovered....
La chaste Suzanne [Chaste Suzanne]
Jean-Jacques Henner
Chaste Suzanne

The Biblical episode of Suzanne bathing, often treated since the Renaissance, was above all an opportunity for the artist to paint a handsome nude. This aim...
La pointe d'Andey, vallée de l'Arve (Haute Savoie) [Andey Peak, Arve Valle in Haute Savoie]
Ferdinand Hodler
Andey Peak, Arve Valle

Painted in 1909 and exhibited 1912 in Munich under the title Landscape, this painting by the Swiss artist Ferdinand Hodler is now called Andey Peak, Arve...
Der Holzfäller [The Woodcutter]
Ferdinand Hodler
The Woodcutter

In April 1908, the Banque Nationale Suisse commissioned Ferdinand Hodler to illustrate the new 50 and 100 franc banknotes, which were to take the subject of...
Nuit d'été [Summer Night]
Winslow Homer
Summer Night

Winslow Homer started his career as a graphic reporter during the American Civil War, before going on to paint scenes of army life and the rural world with...
Le gouffre, paysage [The Abyss, Landscape]
Paul Huet
The Abyss, Landscape

Paul Huet, who often described the terrifying face of nature in views of gigantic waves or infernal stormy skies, has here shown the earth gaping open as in a...
La Source [The Spring]
Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
The Spring

This canvas was started about 1820 but not finished until 1856. Ingres was then assisted by two of his pupils, a common practice for large formats. The...
Vénus à Paphos [Venus at Paphos]
Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
Venus at Paphos

As the title indicates, this painting represents Venus, the Roman goddess of love and fertility. In the background, behind the abundant greenery painted by...
Troupeau de moutons dans un paysage [Landscape with flock of sheep]
Charles Emile Jacque
Landscape with flock of sheep

During the 1861 Salon, the writer Alfred Nettement went into raptures about this painting by Charles Emile Jacque, writing: "See how the light dances under...
Proletarian Lodgings
Eugène Jansson
Proletarian Lodgings

Eugene Jansson is one of those artists from the North of Europe little known in France. Unconcerned by traditions and the influence of French painters of the...
La Seine et Notre-Dame de Paris [The Seine and Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris]
Johan Barthold Jongkind
The Seine and Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris

The sweeping diagonal of the Seine and the large area left for the sky in this composition remind us that Jongkind, a Dutch painter, was trained in the...
Portrait de Marie Monnom [Portrait of Marie Monnom]
Fernand Khnopff
Portrait of Marie Monnom

Fernand Khnopff made this Portrait of Marie Monnom, the daughter of a publisher in Brussels, in 1887. Monnom published the magazine L'Art moderne, the organ...
Incense
Fernand Khnopff
Incense

Here, as he often did, Khnopff used his sister Marguerite as his model. The painting is close framed, with Marguerite set in the centre of his composition....
Rosiers sous les arbres [Rosebushes under the Trees]
Gustav Klimt
Rosebushes under the Trees

Rosebushes under the Trees was produced, as were most of Klimt's landscapes, during the summer holidays of 1904 and 1905, when he stayed in Litzlberg. The...
Les cheminées [Chimneys]
Frantisek Kupka
Chimneys

The study of the sky, a genuinely separate genre within landscape painting, has inspired many painters. Although Kupka here devotes a major part of his...
L'excommunication de Robert le Pieux [The Excommunication of Robert the Pious]
Jean-Paul Laurens
The Excommunication of Robert the Pious

Jean-Paul Laurens was one of the last great history painters of the late 19th century, when the genre was in inexorable decline. The author of several very...
Une amende honorable [An Honourable Penitent]
Alphonse Legros
An Honourable Penitent

An enthusiastic visitor to the Louvre, Alphonse Legros was greatly influenced by two paintings by the Spanish Golden Age painter, Zurbarán that had come from...
Plage à Heist [Beach at Heist]
Georges Lemmen
Beach at Heist

In the second half of the 1880s, after Georges Seurat and other Neo-Impressionists had exhibited their paintings at the Salon des XX in Brussels, several...
Quai des Célestins, avec le pont Marie [Quai des Célestins with the Pont Marie]
Stanislas Lépine
Quai des Célestins

Stanislas Lépine painted many views of Paris in which the Seine and the surrounding area feature prominently. These urban landscapes mostly fall into two...
Paysage [Landscape]
Stanislas Lépine
Landscape

Given the very low position of the horizon in this Landscape, it is very probable that Lépine set his easel up at the waterline to paint this picture. In...
Calanque (six heures du soir) [Calanque (six o'clock in the evening)]
Lucien Lévy-Dhurmer
Calanque (Six o'clock in the Evening)

In 1936, at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-arts, Lévy-Dhurmer exhibited a series of four paintings of calanques (rocky inlets) at different...
La paye des moissonneurs [Paying the Harvesters]
Léon Lhermitte
Paying the Harvesters

Léon Lhermitte was born in the Aisne and lived there until he was about twenty, which explains his deep attachment to rural life and the focus of his...
Brasserie de campagne à Brannenburg [Country Pub in Brannenburg]
Max Liebermann
Country Pub

During his visit to Italy in the spring of 1893, Liebermann stopped in Bavaria, very near to Brannenburg. There he found the tables of a pub set out in the...
Le quai Saint-Michel et Notre-Dame [The Quai Saint-Michel and Notre-Dame]
Maximilien Luce
The Quai Saint-Michel and Notre-Dame

At the turn of the century, Maximilien Luce, who was part of the Neo-Impressionism movement between 1887 and 1897, used the technique of divisionism, separate...
La Femme à l'ombrelle [Woman with a Parasol]
Aristide Maillol
Woman with a Parasol

Maillol, who studied under Gérôme and Cabanel at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, became a renowned sculptor, but he began his career as a painter. He admired and...
Berthe Morisot With a Bouquet of Violets
Edouard Manet
Berthe Morisot With a Bouquet

Manet was profoundly marked by the Franco-Prussian war and the Commune, throughout which he had remained in Paris, serving in the garde nationale, and unable...
Sur la plage [On the Beach]
Edouard Manet
On the Beach

Manet painted this canvas in the summer of 1873, during three weeks spent with his family in the little coastal town of Berck-sur-Mer. He had his wife and...
Le Fifre [The Fife Player]
Edouard Manet
The Fife Player

Manet, who found in a Spanish manner and subject matter an outlet for his own talent, did not visit Spain and the Prado Museum until 1865. He was particularly...
L'Evasion de Rochefort [Rochefort's Escape]
Edouard Manet
Rochefort's Escape

This painting is the smaller of the two versions of Rochefort's Escape painted by Manet after December 1880. The other version is in the Kunsthaus, Zurich....
Emile Zola [Emile Zola]
Edouard Manet
Emile Zola

Emile Zola, Cézanne's boyhood friend, showed an early interest in painting. He was particularly interested in the artists rejected by the official critics....
Stéphane Mallarmé
Edouard Manet
Stéphane Mallarmé

This portrait was painted in 1876, the year of the publication of Mallarmé's Après-midi d'un faune, a long poem illustrated by engravings by Manet. The...
Le déjeuner sur l'herbe [Luncheon on the Grass]
Edouard Manet
Luncheon on the Grass

Rejected by the jury of the 1863 Salon, Manet exhibited Le déjeuner sur l’herbe under the title Le Bain at the Salon des Refusés (initiated the same year...
Le balcon [The Balcony]
Edouard Manet
The Balcony

When Manet painted this piece, scenes of bourgeois life were in vogue. Yet The Balcony went against the conventions of the day. All the subjects were close...
Olympia
Edouard Manet
Olympia

With Olympia, Manet reworked the traditional theme of the female nude, using a strong, uncompromising technique. Both the subject matter and its depiction...
L'asperge [Asparagus]
Edouard Manet
Asparagus

The delightful story of this painting is well known: Manet sold Charles Ephrussi A Bunch of Asparagus for eight hundred francs. But Ephrussi sent him a...
Georges Clemenceau (1841-1929)
Edouard Manet
Clemenceau

"Manet's portrait of me? Terrible, I do not have it and do not feel the worse for it. It is in the Louvre, and I wonder why it was put there". These final...
La dame aux éventails [Woman with Fans]
Edouard Manet
Woman with Fans

Manet drew to a close a long series of "women on a sofa" with this picture from 1873. His model is Nina de Callias (1844-1884), a capricious woman,...
Sérénité [Serenity]
Henri Martin
Serenity

Presented at the Salon de la Société des Artistes Français in 1899, this monumental canvas depicts the Elysium Fields that the Latin poet Virgil spoke of...
Portrait de l'artiste [Portrait of the artist]
Henri Martin
Portrait of the artist

In this self-portrait dated just after 1910, Henri Martin makes reference to both the new techniques introduced by the Neo-Impressionists and to the grand...
La prophétesse Libuse [The prophetess Libuse]
Karel Vitezslav Masek
The prophetess Libuse

Libuse is a mythical Czech princess. Venerated for her wisdom and her gift of prophecy, she is regarded as the originator of the first national dynasty and...
Enfant et femme dans un intérieur [Woman and Child in an Interior]
Paul Mathey
Woman and Child in an Interior

In this painting, the composition uses successive planes to lead the eye through the interior of the apartment and out into the street. In fact, the right...
Héraclès détruit les oiseaux de Stymphale [Heracles Killing the Birds on the Stymphalian Lake]
Edgard Maxence
Heracles Killing the Birds on the Stymphalian Lake

The extermination of the birds that lived on human flesh and destroyed the crops around Lake Stymphalus in Arcadia, was the fifth of Heracles' twelve tasks....
La légende bretonne [Breton Legend]
Edgard Maxence
Breton Legend

Breton Legend is one of Edgard Maxence's most ambitious Symbolist compositions, painted during his period of artistic maturity. Sheltering under a dolmen, in...
L'âge d'or [The Golden Age]
Emile-René Ménard
The Golden Age

Emile-René Ménard, raised to admire antique Greece, systematically drew on its literature and landscapes in the many decorative panels commissioned by the...
Campagne de France, 1814 [Campaign of France, 1814]
Ernest Meissonier
Campaign of France, 1814

This painting—in a small format rather unusual for a painter of military history—indicates Meissonier's taste for seventeenth-century Flemish and Dutch...
Le siège de Paris (1870-1871) [The Seige of Paris (1870-1871)]
Ernest Meissonier
The Seige of Paris (1870-1871)

At the end of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871, Ernest Meissonier sketched out an initial idea for a painting that would symbolise the Siege of Paris. He would...
La Famille [The Family]
Luc-Olivier Merson
The Family

In 1900, the architect Georges Chedanne (1861-1940) was appointed to renovate the Watel-Dehaynin family town house in rue de la Faisanderie in Paris' 16th...
Soleil couchant [Sunset]
Hendrik-Willem Mesdag
Sunset

Since the period of the Restoration, the French state, through its Fine Arts Department bought works displayed at the Salon each year. Anxious not to raise...
Au pays noir [In the Black Country]
Constantin Meunier
In the Black Country

The title of the painting, In the Black Country,refers to the name popularly given to the Borinage, a region in the Hainault, to the west of Mons in Belgium....
L'Angélus [The Angelus]
Jean-François Millet
The Angelus

A man and a woman are reciting the Angelus, a prayer which commemorates the annunciation made to Mary by the angel Gabriel. They have stopped digging...
Des glaneuses also called Les glaneuses [Gleaners, also called, The Gleaners]
Jean-François Millet
Gleaners

True to one of Millet's favourite subjects – peasant life – this painting is the culmination of ten years of research on the theme of the gleaners. These...
Le Printemps [Spring]
Jean-François Millet
Spring

This painting was part of a cycle of the seasons that Millet worked on during the final years of his life. It was commissioned by Frédéric Hartmann, a...
Un Vanneur [A Winnower]
Jean-François Millet
A Winnower

This painting is a later variation of a work exhibited by Millet at the Salon of 1848, under the same title, and bought by Ledru-Rollin, then Minister of the...
Bergère avec son troupeau [Shepherdess with her Flock]
Jean-François Millet
Shepherdess with her Flock

Calm, serenity and harmony triumph in this painting. Wearing a woollen cape and a red hood, the young shepherdess (perhaps the painter's own daughter) is...
L'église de Gréville [The Church at Gréville]
Jean-François Millet
The Church at Gréville

In 1870-1871, Millet happily returned to his native region where he took refuge with his family to escape the disasters of the Franco-Prussian war. All the...
La fileuse, chevrière auvergnate [The Spinner, Goatherd of the Auvergne]
Jean-François Millet
The Spinner

A young peasant girl, sitting on a bank, is spinning a length of wool on a spindle, while minding her goats. She is wearing a dress of rough material and a...
Laitière normande à Gréville [Norman Milkmaid in Gréville]
Jean-François Millet
Norman Milkmaid

Although the Norman Milkmaid is one of Millet's last paintings, it was a subject that interested him throughout his life. Robert L. Herbert, who studied the...
Madame Eugène Félix Lecourtois
Jean-François Millet
Madame Lecourtois

Millet was anxious to perfect the art of portraiture, in order to earn a better living and chose the members of his family as his first models. In November...
Nymphéas bleus [Blue Water Lilies]
Claude Monet
Blue Water Lilies

"Nymphaea" is the botanical name for a water lily. Monet grew white water lilies in the water garden he had installed in his property at Giverny in 1893. From...
Régates à Argenteuil [Regattas at Argenteuil]
Claude Monet
Regattas at Argenteuil

Boating became fashionable from 1830 in the Ile de France region. Racing boats competed at Argenteuil from 1850 because the Seine widened out into a basin...
Le Pont d'Argenteuil [The Argenteuil Bridge]
Claude Monet
The Argenteuil Bridge

In 1874, the year of the first Impressionist exhibition, Claude Monet painted the Argenteuil Bridge seven times, and the railway bridge which spans the Seine...
Londres, le Parlement. Trouée de soleil dans le brouillard [London, Houses of Parliament. The Sun Shining through the Fog]
Claude Monet
London, Houses of Parliament

The London Houses of Parliament crop up regularly in Monet's work in 1900. At first the artist observed them from the terrace of St Thomas Hospital, on the...
Femmes au jardin [Women in the Garden]
Claude Monet
Women in the Garden

In 1866, Claude Monet started painting a large picture in the garden of the property he was renting in the Paris suburbs. He faced a twofold challenge:...
Hôtel des roches noires. Trouville
Claude Monet
Hôtel des roches noires. Trouville

During the summer of 1870, on the eve of the Franco-Prussian war, Claude Monet was staying in Trouville with his young wife, Camille, whom he had married on...
Les charbonniers also called Les déchargeurs de charbon [The Coalmen, also called Men Unloading Coal]
Claude Monet
The Coalmen

Monet shared the preoccupations of some of his contemporaries, such as the painter Degas or the novelist Zola, who were trying to describe all the facets of...
La Pie [The Magpie]
Claude Monet
The Magpie

In the late 1860s, Monet started to extend the need to capture sensations and render "the effect" to all transitory, even fleeting states of nature. Taking...
Wind Effect, Series of The Poplars
Claude Monet
Wind Effect, Series of The Poplars

This painting, acquired by Paul Durand-Ruel as early as 1893, remained for a long time in the family of the famous art-dealer and friend of the...
La gare Saint-Lazare [The Saint-Lazare Station]
Claude Monet
The Saint-Lazare Station

When he painted The Saint-Lazare Station, Monet had just left Argenteuil to settle in Paris. After several years of painting in the countryside, he turned to...
La rue Montorgueil à Paris. Fête du 30 juin 1878  [The Rue Montorgueil in Paris. Celebration of June 30, 1878]
Claude Monet
The Rue Montorgueil in Paris

The Rue Montorgueil, like its twin painting The Rue Saint-Denis (Rouen, musée des Beaux-arts), is often thought to depict a 14 July celebration. In fact it...
Coquelicots [Poppy Field]
Claude Monet
Poppy Field

When he returned from England in 1871, Monet settled in Argenteuil and lived there until 1878. These years were a time of fulfilment for him. Supported by his...
Les Villas à Bordighera [Villas at Bordighera]
Claude Monet
Villas at Bordighera

This painting is a brilliant demonstration of Monet's rediscovery of the Mediterranean during his stay in Italy in 1884. And yet it was painted in his studio...
Etretat, la Manneporte, reflets sur l'eau [Etretat, The Cliff, reflections on water]
Claude Monet
Etretat, The Cliff

In the winter of 1868-1869 Monet's attention was drawn to Etretat in the Caux region of Normandy. He then returned there every year between 1883 and 1886....
Les rochers de Belle-Ile, la Côte sauvage [The Rocks at Belle-Ile, The Wild Coast]
Claude Monet
The Rocks at Belle-Ile, The Wild Coast

"I am in a wonderfully wild region, with terrifying rocks and a sea of unbelievable colours; I am truly thrilled, even though it is difficult, because I had...
Un coin d'appartement [A Corner of the Apartment]
Claude Monet
A Corner of the Apartment

From 1871, when he returned from England, until 1878, Monet lived in the commune of Argenteuil near Paris. During this period he often featured his wife...
Argenteuil
Claude Monet
Argenteuil

During the Franco-Prussian war of 1870 and the Commune, Monet lived in London with his wife and son. There he visited many museums, taking a particular...
Le bassin d'Argenteuil
Claude Monet
Le bassin d'Argenteuil

From December 1871 until 1878, Monet lived in Argenteuil. He would set up his easel out in the countryside or in his garden. But above all it was the Seine...
Le déjeuner sur l'herbe [Luncheon on the Grass]
Claude Monet
Luncheon on the Grass

This fragment, there is a second also in the Musée d'Orsay, is one of the remaining parts of the monumental Luncheon on the Grass by Monet. The work was...
Le déjeuner: panneau decorative [The Lunch: decorative panel]
Claude Monet
The Lunch

After 1870, Monet gave up the large-scale paintings of his early days. However there were some exceptions: these are The Lunch exhibited in the second...
Trophée de chasse [Hunting Trophy]
Claude Monet
Hunting Trophy

Monet seems to have had a particular liking for still life at the beginning of his career. Although he continued to be interested in this genre subsequently,...
Train dans la campagne [Train in the Countryside]
Claude Monet
Train in the Countryside

This small painting, dating from before the official birth of the Impressionist movement – the first exhibition of the group would only take place four...
La charrette. Route sous la neige à Honfleur [The Cart. Snow-covered road at Honfleur]
Claude Monet
The Cart

This view of Honfleur was dated 1865 by Monet, when the painting entered the Louvre in 1911. However, the letters of a local painter, Alexandre Dubourg,...
Paysage symboliste [Symbolist Landscape]
Constant Montald
Symbolist Landscape

Constant Montald is one of the key figures in Belgian Symbolism. This Symbolist Landscape, almost square, with many verticals, is a perfect illustration of...
Jour de fête à l'hospice Trivulzio à Milan [Feast Day at the Hospice Trivulzio in Milan]
Angelo Morbelli
Feast Day at the Hospice Trivulzio

The Pio Albergo Trivulzio was a refuge for the sick, and predominantly an old people's home. In the early 1880s, Morbelli began to take an interest in the...
Galatée [Galatea]
Gustave Moreau
Galatea

The subject of this painting has been taken from the 12th fable of Book XIII in Ovid's Metamorphoses which tells the story of the Cyclops Polyphemus' jealousy...
Orphée [Orpheus]
Gustave Moreau
Orpheus

In Greek mythology, Orpheus's skill as a poet and musician was such that he even charmed wild beasts. He had the misfortune of charming the Maenads, who tore...
Le Berceau [The Cradle]
Berthe Morisot
The Cradle

Undeniably Berthe Morisot's most famous painting, The Cradle was painted in Paris in 1872. It shows one of the artist's sisters, Edma, watching over her...
Jeune femme en toilette de bal [Young Girl in a Ball Gown]
Berthe Morisot
Young Girl in a Ball Gown

This brilliant, free evocation of a young, unknown woman in a ball gown is the complete opposite of the society or official portrait produced by the regular...
Portrait de Madame Pâris, belle-mère de l'artiste [Portrait of Madame Pâris, the artist's mother-in-law]
Jules-Alexis Muenier
Portrait of Madame Pâris

Muenier was twenty-three when he painted this portrait of his mother in law, Madame Pâris. So it is a rare, early work by this eminent exponent of...
Nuit d'été à Aagaardstrand [Summer Night at Aagaardstrand]
Edvard Munch
Summer Night at Aagaardstrand

At the beginning of the 20th century, although still a subject of controversy in Norway, Munch established an international reputation. He was favourably...
Le Cimetière de Saint-Privat (18 août 1870) [The Cemetery of St Privat, 18 August 1870]
Alphonse de Neuville
The Cemetery of St Privat

Alphonse de Neuville, like Edouard Detaille, was one of the main artists to paint episodes from the Franco-Prussian War of 1870 and the theme recurs...
Vision
Alphonse Osbert
Vision

This painting was presented at the Salon of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts in 1892 before featuring the following year in the second Rose+Croix Salon...
La gare du Luxembourg à Bruxelles [The Luxembourg Station in Brussels]
Henri Ottmann
The Luxembourg Station in Brussels

Henri Ottmann worked in Brussels at the beginning of the 20th century. It was here at the Salon of Free Aesthetics in 1903 that he first exhibited three...
Les bergers, conduits par l'étoile, se rendent à Bethlée [The shepherds, following the star, arrive at Bethlehem]
Octave Penguilly L'Haridon
The shepherds arrive at Bethlehem

From 1835, Penguilly L'Haridon's paintings had been well accepted in official circles and he had won several prizes for his numerous historical, mythological...
La naissance de Pindare [The Birth of Pindar]
Henry-Pierre Picou
The Birth of Pindar

It was at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris that Henry Picou, an artist from Nantes, met Jean-Léon Gérôme (1824-1904), Jean-Louis Hamon (1821-1874) and...
Jeune paysanne faisant du feu. Gelée blanche [Peasant Girl Lighting a Fire. Frost]
Camille Pissarro
Peasant Girl Lighting a Fire

Peasant Girl Lighting a Fire can be compared with two other paintings by Pissarro, also in the Musée d'Orsay: Girl with a Stick (1881) and Woman with a Green...
White Frost
Camille Pissarro
White Frost

Painted near Pontoise where the painter lived from 1873 to 1882, White Frost was one of five pieces presented by Pissarro at the first exhibition of the group...
Les toits rouges, coin de village, effet d'hiver [Red roofs, corner of a village, winter]
Camille Pissarro
Red roofs

The title, Red roofs, corner of a village, winter, makes clear the theoretical dimension of this work by Camille Pissarro. In this painting he in fact moves...
Coin de jardin à l'Hermitage, Pontoise [A Corner of the Garden at the Hermitage, Pontoise]
Camille Pissarro
A Corner of the Garden

A Corner of the Garden at the Hermitage seems to move away from Pissarro's familiar world towards the more sophisticated and urban one of Monet's gardens. In...
Coteau de l'Hermitage, Pontoise [Hillside of the Hermitage, Pontoise]
Camille Pissarro
Hillside of the Hermitage, Pontoise

The very uneven topography around Pontoise, built on a steep bank of the Oise, lent itself to unusual compositions and provided an almost inexhaustible...
La maison de la Folie à Eragny [The House of Folly at Eragny]
Camille Pissarro
The House of Folly at Eragny

1880 to 1885 were difficult years for Pissarro financially and mark a definite development in his way of painting. This had as much to do with the common way...
Route d'Ennery
Camille Pissarro
Route d'Ennery

The rue de l'Hermitage in Pontoise, where Pissarro and his family lived until 1883, went between the banks of the Oise and the road to Ennery. Here Pissarro...
La Seine et le Louvre [The Seine and the Louvre]
Camille Pissarro
The Seine and the Louvre

After 1893, Camille Pissarro turned away almost entirely from the countryside motifs that had formed the main part of his work. From then on, he devoted...
Le pauvre pêcheur [The Poor Fisherman]
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes
The Poor Fisherman

The Poor Fisherman was the first of Puvis de Chavannes' paintings to be bought by the State. But the work sparked a lively reaction at the Salon of 1881 and...
Le rêve [The Dream]
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes
The Dream

When Pierre Puvis de Chavannes' Dream was presented at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1883, the catalogue described its subject as: The Dream! "Love,...
L'Espérance [Hope]
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes
Hope

Pierre Puvis de Chavannes was deeply affected by the Franco-Prussian war and produced several works related to the conflict. In particular, at the Salon of...
Vue sur le château de Versailles et l'Orangerie [View on the Château de Versailles and the Orangerie]
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes
View on the Château de Versailles

During the Spring 1871 Puvis de Chavannes, bitterly opposed to the Paris Commune, found refuge in Versailles. There he painted his first pure landscape: View...
La jeune mère dit aussi La Charité [The Young Mother also known as Charity]
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes
The Young Mother

This painting was featured in the catalogue of the first monographic exhibition of the painter's work that opened in 1887 at the Galerie Durand-Ruel with the...
Jeunes filles au bord de la mer [Young Girls by the Seaside]
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes
Young Girls by the Seaside

Pierre Puvis de Chavannes (1824-1898) was one of the most striking artists of the second half of the 19th century in Europe, known equally in the United...
Le ballon [The Balloon]
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes
The Balloon

It was while he was on the ramparts of Paris, when the town was besieged by Prussian troops in 1870, that Puvis had the idea for The Balloon. It was completed...
Lustral
Paul Ranson
Lustral

Paul Ranson, one of the Nabis, developed an original style with Symbolist and esoteric resonances. In 1891, he made two versions of Lustral, including this...
Baronne Robert de Domecy [Baroness Robert de Domecy]
Odilon Redon
Baroness Robert de Domecy

This is one of the few oil portraits that Redon made for the wife of his friend Baron de Domecy. This portrait of a woman dressed in red and brown, with a...
Les yeux clos [Closed Eyes]
Odilon Redon
Closed Eyes

In the 1890s, Odilon Redon sometimes reworked some of his drawings or engravings in colour. Painted in 1890, Closed Eyes, which is no doubt a portrait of his...
Portrait d'Arï Redon au col marin [Portrait of Arï Redon with Sailor Collar]
Odilon Redon
Arï Redon with Sailor Collar

After the death of a first child, Odilon Redon was overjoyed by the birth of Arï in 1889: "An attentive tenderness surrounded this only child whose presence...
Le chemin à Peyrelebade [The Road to Peyrelebade]
Odilon Redon
The Road to Peyrelebade

Born into a wealthy family in Bordeaux, Redon was just two days old when he was sent to a wet nurse in Peyrelebade, a village in the Médoc. He spent most of...
Sommeil de Caliban [The Sleep of Caliban]
Odilon Redon
The Sleep of Caliban

Caliban, a character from Shakespeare's The Tempest, is an unruly, rebellious being and the son of a witch. He is also the wild, deformed slave of Prospero,...
Exécution sans jugement sous les rois maures de Grenade [Summary Execution under the Moorish Kings of Grenada]
Henri Regnault
Summary Execution

Henri Regnault was born in Paris in 1843 and killed in 1871 in one of the last battles of the Franco-Prussian war. Yet the young man had already made a name...
Danse à la ville [City Dance]. Danse à la campagne [Country Dance]
Pierre Auguste Renoir
City Dance. Country Dance

Renoir liked dance scenes. These two paintings were designed as a pair: the format is identical and the almost life-size figures represent two different even...
Bal du moulin de la Galette [Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette]
Auguste Renoir
Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette

This painting is doubtless Renoir's most important work of the mid 1870's and was shown at the Impressionist exhibition in 1877. Though some of his friends...
Le garçon au chat [The Boy with the Cat]
Pierre Auguste Renoir
The Boy with the Cat

The Boy with the Cat has not given up all its secrets. This male nude has no equivalent in Renoir's work. The identity of the model seen from the back...
Les baigneuses [The Bathers]
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
The Bathers

This painting is emblematic of the experimentation carried out by Renoir at the end of his life. After 1910, he returned to one of his favourite subjects –...
La balançoire [The Swing]
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
The Swing

A young man seen from the back is talking to a young woman standing on a swing, watched by a little girl and another man, leaning against the trunk of a tree....
Claude Monet
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Claude Monet

In this picture Renoir was not trying to present an ideal image of Monet as a painter. On the contrary, he offers an image as personal as it is realistic....
Julie Manet also known as L'enfant au chat [Child with cat]
Pierre Auguste Renoir
Julie Manet

Berthe Morisot and her husband Eugène Manet, brother of the painter, had known Renoir for many years. Their relationship became much closer in the second...
Grand nu [Large Nude]
Auguste Renoir
Large Nude

Renoir's female nudes, a favourite motif throughout his career, were more often painted in outdoor light than inside a room.In the 1890s, Gustave Geffroy...
Fernand Halphen enfant [Fernand Halphen as a Boy]
Auguste Renoir
Fernand Halphen as a Boy

A figure painter, Renoir had always accepted portrait commissions. His first public success was an ambitious family portrait, Mrs Charpentier and her Children...
Maternité dit aussi L'Enfant au sein [Maternity also called Child at the breast]
Pierre Auguste Renoir
Maternity

Pierre, Renoir's first son, was born on 21 March 1885. During the following months the painter produced a series of drawings and oil paintings in which Aline,...
Richard Wagner
Pierre Auguste Renoir
Richard Wagner

A great music lover, Renoir was one of the first admirers of Wagner in France. At the beginning of 1882, when the painter was travelling in the south of...
Champ de bananiers [Field of Banana Trees]
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Field of Banana Trees

Starting in 1881 the art dealer Paul Durand-Ruel regularly bought paintings from Renoir. The painter then undertook all the trips he had previously been...
La Mosquée [The Mosque]
Auguste Renoir
The Mosque

We do not know which festival Renoir was representing here in Algiers, set in the ancient Turkish ramparts destroyed several decades earlier by the French...
Frédéric Bazille
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Frédéric Bazille

Beyond being a simple portrait, this painting conceals the presence of the five original principal figures of Impressionism: Frédéric Bazille (1841-1870),...
Jeunes filles au piano [Young Girls at the Piano]
Pierre Auguste Renoir
Young Girls at the Piano

In the early 1890s, friends and admirers of Renoir took exception to the fact that the French State had never made any official purchase from the painter,...
Madame Josse Bernheim-Jeune et son fils Henry [Mrs Josse Bernheim-Jeune and her son Henry]
Pierre Auguste Renoir
Mrs Josse Bernheim-Jeune and her son Henry

The model for this painting was Mathilde Adler (1882-1963). In 1901 she married her cousin, Josse Bernheim-Jeune (1870-1941) while her sister Suzanne...
Saint Sébastien martyr [The Martyrdom of St Sebastian]
Théodule Ribot
The Martyrdom of St Sebastian

"Ribot -Ribera": the parallel between the French artist who exhibited at the Salon in the 1860s and his illustrious 17th-century Spanish predecessor very...
Le chevalier aux fleurs [The Knight of the Flowers]
Georges Rochegrosse
The Knight of the Flowers

From the moment they were created, the operas of Richard Wagner aroused great admiration, particularly from the artists of the Symbolist generation who took...
Manda Lamétrie, fermière [Manda Lamétrie, Farm Girl]
Alfred Roll
Manda Lamétrie, Farm Girl

The most successful of the various paintings that Alfred Roll sent to the Salon in the 1880s were imposing figures of women going about their daily work. By...
La Charmeuse de serpents [The Snake Charmer]
Henri Rousseau, called Le Douanier
The Snake Charmer

Rousseau, who was self-taught and began painting late in life, travelled very little. Most of his jungles were painted in the Natural History Museum and in...
Portrait de Madame M.[Portrait of Madame M.]
Henri Rousseau, known as le Douanier
Portrait of Madame M.

Amongst the many portraits painted by Rousseau, it is rare to find a full-length portrait and one of such a size. However, there is another, which belonged to...
La Guerre [War]
Henri Rousseau (Le Douanier)
War

More than twenty years after the Franco-Prussian conflict of 1870 and the Commune in 1871 when the Douanier Rousseau painted War, he was still very much...
Une avenue, forêt de L'Isle-Adam [An Avenue in the Forest of L'Isle-Adam]
Théodore Rousseau
An Avenue, Forest of L'Isle-Adam

Théodore Rousseau was one of the greatest landscape artists of the 19th century. With a Romantic background, he spent his life trying to pierce the mysteries...
Route dans la forêt de Fontainebleau, effet d'orage [Road in the Forest of Fontainebleau, Storm Effect]
Théodore Rousseau
Road in the Forest

Theodore Rousseau received his training from the Neo-Classical painter Jean-Charles Rémond and from his sessions at the Louvre, where he mainly copied the...
La mare près de la route, ferme dans le Berry [The pond near the road, a farm in the Berry]
Théodore Rousseau
Pond near the road

Rousseau had been a friend of Maurice Sand, son of the author George Sand, since 1839 when they met at the studio of the Swiss painter Menn. Following...
L'Enlèvement des filles de Leucippe [The Abduction of the Daughters of Leucippus]
Ker-Xavier Roussel
The Daughters of Leucippus

This very large canvas was part of a decoration designed by Roussel for the Bernheim family mansion, avenue Henri Martin, in Paris. For many years, the...
Vénus et l'Amour au bord de la mer [Venus and Love by the Sea]
Ker-Xavier Roussel
Venus and Love by the Sea

In 1906, Roussel discovered the clear light of the south of France and transformed his palette, endowing it with a calm luminosity dominated by greens and...
Lamentation d'Orphée [Orpheus' Lament]
Alexandre Séon
Orpheus' Lament

Orpheus, the poet and musician of Greek legends, could charm gods, humans and animals with his singing. Inconsolable after the death of his wife Eurydice, he...
La Lutte bretonne [Breton Wrestling]
Paul Sérusier
Breton Wrestling

Sérusier's meeting with Gauguin at Pont-Aven in 1888 proved to be a veritable revelation. Under Gauguin's guidance, Sérusier painted the famous Talisman, a...
Le Talisman [The Talisman]
Paul Sérusier
The Talisman

Paul Sérusier sojourned in Pont-Aven during the summer of 1888, as Paul Gauguin, whose advice he followed. On his returning to Paris, he showed his young...
Portrait de Paul Ranson en tenue nabique [Portrait of Paul Ranson in Nabi costume]
Paul Sérusier
Portrait of Paul Ranson in Nabi costume

We know of very few portraits by Sérusier, who specialised more in producing scenes of rural life in a synthesist or cloisonnist style. So this painting is...
L'averse [The Downpour]
Paul Sérusier
The Downpour

Five years had passed since Gauguin gave Sérusier the famous painting lesson, near Pont-Aven. Sérusier, remaining faithful both to Synthetism and to...
Paysage avec "Le Pauvre Pêcheur" de Puvis de Chavannes [Landscape with Puvis de Chavannes' Poor Fisherman]
Georges Seurat
Landscape with Puvis de Chavannes' Poor Fisherman

In 1881, Puvis de Chavannes exhibited his Poor Fisherman at the Salon de la Société des artistes français. It drew violent reactions from the critics. But...
Port-en-Bessin, avant-port , marée haute [Harbour at Port-en-Bessin at High Tide]
Georges Seurat
Port-en-Bessin at High Tide

In the summer, Seurat usually went to the coast to paint landscapes. He claimed he "washed his eye clean from the days spent in the studio and caught the...
Poseuse de dos [Model, Back View]
Georges Seurat
Model, Back View

During the winter of 1886-1887, Georges Seurat started work on a large composition The Models. The painting is now in the Barnes Foundation, in Merion in the...
Cirque [The Circus]
Georges Seurat
The Circus

Coming after Parade and Cancan, Circus was the third panel in a series by Seurat on the popular attractions of the modern city and its late-night...
La bouée rouge [The Red Buoy]
Paul Signac
The Red Buoy

Paul Signac, an enthusiastic sailor, often painted seaside and port scenes, here St Tropez which he had discovered three years before on board his yacht...
Women at the Well
Paul Signac
Women at the Well

After Seurat's death in 1891, Signac pursued his work both as a painter and as the theoretician of the neo-impressionist group. In 1892, he decided to leave...
Les Andelys; la berge [Les Andelys; TheRiverbank]
Paul Signac
Les Andelys; TheRiverbank

1886 was a crucial year in the development of Signac's style. In his early works painted in the Paris suburbs, at Port-en-Bessin or Saint-Briac, the influence...
Femme à l'ombrelle (Opus 243, Effigie) [Woman with a Parasol (Opus 243, Portrait)]
Paul Signac
Woman with a Parasol

The Woman with a Parasol is Berthe Roblès (1862-1942), a distant cousin of Camille Pissarro, whom Paul Signac had met in the early 1880s when he was an...
Route de Gennevilliers [The Road to Gennevilliers]
Paul Signac
The Road to Gennevilliers

From the beginning of the 1880s, the young Paul Signac had revealed a taste for urban landscapes, painting views of Montmartre and the Paris suburbs, and in...
Procession à Penmarc'h [Procession at Penmarc'h]
Lucien Simon
Procession at Penmarc'h

Passionate and melancholic, Brittany became the region of choice for a group of artists nicknamed the "Bande Noire" (The Black Group). Charles Cottet and...
Le brouillard, Voisins [Fog, Voisins]
Alfred Sisley
Fog, Voisins

British by nationality, although he was born in Paris and spent almost all his life in France, Alfred Sisley settled at Voisins, a village near Louveciennes...
Le canal du Loing [The Loing's Canal]
Alfred Sisley
The Loing's Canal

In 1880, there was a sudden change in Sisley's life and in his work. The painter abandoned Seine-et-Oise, where he had lived and worked since 1871, to move to...
Le chemin de la Machine, Louveciennes
Alfred Sisley
Le chemin de la Machine

The road disappearing into the distance is one of Sisley's favourite themes. It often links the foreground with the background, and helps "pierce" the space,...
La neige à Louveciennes [Snow at Louveciennes]
Alfred Sisley
Snow at Louveciennes

The countryside in winter particularly attracted Sisley who excelled in capturing the sadness and desolation of nature. His taciturn and solitary temperament...
La barque pendant l'inondation, Port-Marly [Boat in the Flood at Port Marly]
Alfred Sisley
Boat in the Flood at Port Marly

In 1874, Sisley moved to Marly-le-Roi and became the chronicler of this village situated a few kilometres to the west of Paris. His most beautiful motif was...
La récolte des pommes de terre [The Potato Harvest]
José Julio de Souza Pinto
The Potato Harvest

Originally from the island of Terceira in the Azores, José Julio de Souza Pinto arrived in Porto (Portugal) as a very young man, and became a brilliant art...
Ce qu'on appelle le vagabondage [What is called vagrancy]
Alfred Stevens
What is called vagrancy

Born in Brussels in 1823, the Belgian painter Alfred Stevens moved to Paris in the 1840s. This painting is representative of the early part of his career,...
Vague VII [Wave VII]
August Strindberg
Wague VII

The famous Swedish dramatist August Strindberg started to express himself through painting in 1873, and did so more intensively after 1892. But his best...
Marine avec récif [Seascape with reef]
August Strindberg
Seascape with reef

Completed in Paris, where Strindberg moved to in 1894 at the invitation of the painter and dealer Willy Gretor, this landscape was part of a series produced...
Siesta [Rest]
Hans Thoma
Rest

Hans Thoma was one of Germany's outstanding painters in the late 19th century. Trained in Karlsruhe and Düsseldorf in the 1860s, he met Gustave Courbet...
Portrait de Mlle L. L. [Portrait of Miss L. L.]
James Tissot
Portrait of Miss L. L.

From 1859 onwards, James Tissot exhibited works inspired by history and mediaeval literature at the Salon, with some success. In 1861 he won official...
Portrait of the Marquis and Marchioness of Miramon and their children
James Tissot
Portrait of the Marquis and Marchioness of Miramon and their children

The Marquis of Miramon poses with his wife Thérèse and their first two children, on the terrace of the family château. Here Tissot displays an elegant...
La rencontre de Faust et de Marguerite [The Meeting of Faust and Marguerite]
James Tissot
Faust and Marguerite

In the early 1860s, in an effort to regenerate history painting, Tissot was seeking new subjects and a new style. He was strongly influenced by the work of...
Evening
James Tissot
Evening

In Evening, also known as The Ball, Tissot depicts a young woman wearing a luxuriant yellow dress, arriving at a society event. The extreme femininity of the...
Le Cercle de la rue Royale [The Circle of the Rue Royale]
James Tissot
The Circle of the Rue Royale

This imposing group portrait commissioned from Tissot at the end of the Second Empire invites us to access the intimacy of the Circle of the Rue Royale, a...
La clownesse Cha-U-Kao [The Clown Cha-U-Kao]
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
The Clown Cha-U-Kao

A dancer and clown at the Nouveau Cirque and the Moulin Rouge, Cha-U-Kao owes her Japanese sounding name to the phonetic transcription of the French words...
Jane Avril dansant [Jane Avril Dancing]
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Jane Avril Dancing

Like La Goulue and the female clown Cha-U-Kao, Jane Avril was part of the night life and show business that Toulouse-Lautrec loved to portray. The daughter of...
Rousse dit aussi La Toilette [Rousse also called Toilet]
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Rousse

Toulouse-Lautrec has left countless pictures of women in private moments, often at their toilet. Here the woman fills the centre of the composition and is...
Paul Leclercq
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Paul Leclercq

In 1897, Lautrec decided to paint the portrait of Paul Leclercq (1872-1856), a young writer who was one of the founders of La Revue Blanche. For a month,...
Justine Dieuhl
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Justine Dieuhl

The palette used in this painting is typical of the portraits Lautrec painted in the garden of père Forest, a piece of land used for archery at the corner of...
Seule [Alone]
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Alone

This astonishing study on cardboard is a sketch for a lithograph published under the title Lassitude in the album Elles published in 1896. One can see a woman...
La femme aux gants [Woman with Gloves]
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Woman with Gloves

This portrait is typical of the "studies" that Lautrec painted outside, in Père Forest's garden in Montmartre, around 1888-1891. Each time, he used the same...
Garde-chasse arrêté près de ses chiens [Gamekeeper and Dogs]
Constant Troyon
Gamekeeper

From the very beginning of his artistic career, Troyon was interested in landscape painting, and produced many studies in the forests of Meudon, Compiègne...
Le pâturage à la gardeuse d'oies [Grazing with the Goose Girl]
Constant Troyon
Goose Girl

After travelling extensively in France, Holland and England, Troyon moved to Normandy around 1850, a region of pastures and livestock farming. There he...
Le Christ chez les paysans [Christ with the Peasants]
Fritz von Uhde
Christ with the Peasants

In this painting from 1887 to 1888, Uhde presents an image of grace being said before a meal. Although Christ is recognisable by his halo, beard and long...
Misia à sa coiffeuse [Misia at Her Dressing Table]
Félix Vallotton
Misia at Her Dressing Table

Misia à sa coiffeuse (Misia at Her Dressing Table), dated 1898, reflects the close collaboration of Félix Vallotton with the Nabis and is among the finest...
Le ballon [The Ball]
Félix Vallotton
The Ball

The Ball is one of the best known paintings by Félix Vallotton, a Swiss painter who was in close touch with the Nabis from 1891. This bird's-eye view figures...
Intérieur, femme en bleu fouillant dans une armoire [Interior, woman in blue searching in a cupboard]
Félix Vallotton
Interior

Vallotton's style moved closer to the Nabis in 1892-1893. At that time he adopted their aesthetic principles - planes of colour, Japonism, Art Nouveau...
Autoportrait [Self-portrait]
Félix Vallotton
Self-portrait

Of the eight known self-portraits by Vallotton, this is certainly the most optimistic and peaceful. The work dates from 1897, when the artist was aged thirty...
Portrait de Monsieur Alexandre Natanson [Portrait of Mr Alexandre Natanson]
Félix Vallotton
Portrait of Alexandre Natanson

The Nabi group, to which Vallotton belonged, was closely linked to La Revue Blanche, founded in 1889 by the Natanson brothers: Alexander (1867-1936), Thadeus...
Le poker [The Poker Game]
Félix Vallotton
The Poker Game

"Some great news that will really surprise you: I'm going to get married. I am marrying a lady I have known and appreciated for a long time, a friend, a widow...
Le docteur Paul Gachet [Dr Paul Gachet]
Vincent van Gogh
Dr Paul Gachet

Inseparably entwined with the last period of Vincent van Gogh's life in Auvers, Dr Gachet was an original character. He was a homoeopathic doctor interested...
Portrait de l'artiste [Self-Portrait]
Vincent van Gogh
Self-Portrait

Like Rembrandt and Goya, Vincent van Gogh often used himself as a model; he produced over forty-three self-portraits, paintings or drawings in ten years. Like...
L'Arlésienne [The Arlesienne]
Vincent van Gogh
The Arlesienne

This Arlésienne, Mme Ginoux, kept the Café de la Gare at Arles and often came in contact with artists, particularly Gauguin and Van Gogh. Gauguin also...
L'Italienne [The Italian Woman]
Vincent van Gogh
The Italian Woman

This woman is without doubt Agostina Segatori (1843-1910), a former model of Corot, Gérôme and Manet with whom Van Gogh seems to have had a brief love...
La nuit étoilée [Starry Night]
Vincent van Gogh
Starry Night

From the moment of his arrival in Arles, on 8 February 1888, Van Gogh was constantly preoccupied with the representation of "night effects". In April 1888, he...
L'église d'Auvers-sur-Oise, vue du chevet [The Church in Auvers-sur-Oise, View from the Chevet]
Vincent van Gogh
The Church in Auvers-sur-Oise

After staying in the south of France, in Arles, and then at the psychiatric hospital in Saint-Rémy de Provence, Vincent Van Gogh settled in Auvers-sur-Oise,...
La méridienne dit aussi La sieste (d'après Millet) [The siesta (after Millet)]
Vincent van Gogh
The siesta

The siesta was painted while Van Gogh was interned in a mental asylum in Saint-Rémy de Provence. The composition is taken from a drawing by Millet for Four...
La salle de danse à Arles[The Dance Hall in Arles]
Vincent van Gogh
The Dance Hall in Arles

On 23 October 1888, Paul Gauguin met up again with Vincent Van Gogh in Arles. The two men dreamt of founding a "studio of the Midi" together, in the South of...
Le restaurant de la Sirène à Asnières [The Restaurant de la Sirène at Asnières]
Vincent van Gogh
The Restaurant de la Sirène

During his stay in Paris, between March 1886 and February 1888, Van Gogh lived with his brother Theo in the north of the city: first in rue de Laval, then in...
La chambre de Van Gogh à Arles [Van Gogh's Bedroom in Arles]
Vincent van Gogh
Van Gogh's Bedroom in Arles

Van Gogh produced three, almost identical paintings on the theme of his bedroom. The first, in the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam, was executed in October 1888,...
Eugène Boch
Vincent van Gogh
Eugène Boch

Van Gogh met the Belgian painter Eugène Boch (1855-1941) in mid-June 1888, while Boch was spending a few weeks near Arles. Around 8 July, Vincent mentioned...
Fritillaires, couronne impériale dans un vase de cuivre [Imperial Fritillaries in a Copper Vase]
Vincent van Gogh
Fritillaries

Fritillaries are bulbs which, like tulips, flower in spring. It is therefore easy to work out what time of year Van Gogh painted this picture. The variety...
Paysanne près de l'âtre [Peasant Woman near the Hearth]
Vincent van Gogh
Peasant Woman near the Hearth

This work, produced by Van Gogh at the end of the Nuenen period in Holland (1883-1885), was part of a collection of preparatory studies for the large, famous...
Chaumes de Cordeville à Auvers-sur-Oise [Thatched Cottages at Cordeville, Auvers-sur-Oise]
Vincent van Gogh
Thatched Cottages at Cordeville

This picture was painted during the artist's most frenetic creative period, a few weeks before his tragic death. Van Gogh had left Provence in May 1890, at...
Scène du choléra. Souvenir de l'épidémie de 1854 dans le Jura [Cholera Scene. Memories of the1854 epidemic in the Jura]
Paul Van Ryssel
Cholera Scene

Doctor Gachet, a collector and friend of the Impressionist painters, is mainly known nowadays for having brought Vincent van Gogh to Auvers-sur-Oise in May...
Restaurant de la Machine à Bougival [Restaurant "La Machine" at Bougival]
Maurice de Vlaminck
Restaurant "La Machine" at Bougival

It was in 1900, after meeting Derain, that Maurice de Vlaminck decided to become a full-time painter. Landscapes, particularly the Seine around Paris, were...
La chapelle du château de Versailles [The Chapel at the Chateau of Versailles]
Edouard Vuillard
The Chapel, Chateau of Versailles

This tranquil painting was paradoxically triggered by the First World War. In the midst of the turmoil, Vuillard found in the exaltation of the classicism of...
Jardins publics [Public Gardens]
Edouard Vuillard
Public Gardens

The Public Gardens cycle is made up of nine panels, commissioned in 1894 by Alexandre Natanson for his mansion in the Avenue du Bois, in Paris (now Avenue...
Au lit [In Bed]
Edouard Vuillard
In Bed

This work is the most brilliant formal variation of one of the favourite themes of the Symbolist culture – sleep and loss of consciousness. In Bed is a...
Le salon aux trois lampes, rue Saint-Florentin [Interior with Three Lamps, rue Saint- Florentin]
Edouard Vuillard
Interior with Three Lamps

From 1893, Vuillard entered into close, daily contact with Thadée Natanson, the editor in chief of La Revue blanche, and his wife Misia. The painter was a...
Le déjeuner du matin [The Artist's Mother taking Breakfast]
Edouard Vuillard
The Artist's Mother taking Breakfast

From the beginning, Vuillard's art took an intimist and autobiographical direction that marked all of his work. This breakfast scene, painted around 1900,...
Les lilas [The Lilac Trees]
Edouard Vuillard
The Lilac Trees

Faithful to the precepts of the Nabi group, founded in 1888 and to which he belonged together with Maurice Denis, Paul Sérusier, Pierre Bonnard and...
Le sommeil [Sleep]
Edouard Vuillard
Sleep

For a long time in painting, the bed and the space around it, often linked with "etiquette", were regarded as a place to represent kings, nobles and...
La meule [The Haystack]
Edouard Vuillard
The Haystack

The Haystack, along with The Lilac Trees and The Path, was part of a set of decorative panels produced for the Bibesco brothers, Antoine et Emmanuel, between...
L'allée [The Path]
Edouard Vuillard
The Path

Around 1900, Vuillard's career moved into a new creative period. His painting style developed under the influence of Monet's Impressionism, with paintings...
Variations en violet et vert [Variations in Violet and Green]
James Abbott McNeill Whistler
Variations in Violet and Green

Whistler was a refined aesthete and one of the most sensitive interpreters of the fashion for the arts of the Far East which spread through Europe from the...
Arrangement en gris et noir n°1, also called Portrait de la mère de l'artiste [Arrangement in Grey and Black No. 1, also called Portrait of the Artist's Mother]
James Abbott McNeill Whistler
Portrait of the Artist's Mother

Although an American by nationality, Whistler divided his career between London and Paris. He enrolled in Charles Gleyre's studio at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts...

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